The Red Crown (Deshret)
apparently symbolised the pharaoh's control over Lower (northern)
The White Crown (Hedjet)
apparently symbolised the pharaoh's control over Upper (southern)
The Double Crown (Pschent)
was a combination of the Red Crown of Lower Egypt and the White Crown
of Upper Egypt. It symbolised the joining of the two lands, and the
pharaoh's control over the two lands.
The most familiar headdress of the king other than
a crown was the nemes headdress. This headdress was made of
blue and gold striped cloth. The design itself was a masterpiece of
illusion as it makes the wearer appear much larger and more impressive
than they otherwise would.
The Blue Crown (Khepresh). From the
18th Dynasty onwards, kings were often shown wearing the blue crown,
often described as the "war crown". A tall flanged helmet, adorned
with golden discs, with the uraeus and vulture on the brow.
The Kaht was an everyday headdress.
The Atef Crown was a white
headdress decorated with ostrich feathers. It was worn during some
religious rituals and is often associated with Osiris.